Description of POSEIDON

Assessment of Technologies for the Removal of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in Sewage and Drinking Water Facilities to Improve the Indirect Potable Water Reuse


Municipal wastewater contains a multitude of persistent organic compounds derived from domestic application such as active ingredients in pharmaceuticals and personal care products, which are used in large quantities throughout the world.


Here both groups will be collectively referred to as ”Pharmaceuticals & Personal Care Product Ingredients” (PPCPs). PPCPs passing wastewater treatment systems are continuously infused to the environment via Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTP) discharges and are present in the feeding water (groundwater, bank filtrates, surface water) of waterworks.


In some cases even drinking water is contaminated with PPCPs. Pharmaceuticals are designed to induce specific biological effects at specific target organisms for a limited period of time. The continuous, wide spread, long-term exposure of PPCPs to the environment and humans, although at low concentration levels, may result first in gradual almost hardly detectable changes. However, in the long run significant impacts on the environmental and human health can not be excluded.


In particular, the release of antibiotics into the environment may induce the development of resistant bacterial strains. To reduce the risks of unforeseeable long-term side effects of PPCPs to the environment and human health, and to circumvent a life-long consumption of low doses of potentially toxic PPCPs through drinking water, POSEIDON develops methods which will reduce the uncontrolled releases of PPCPs to the environment via wastewater.


Further, POSEIDON intends to enhance efficient and unpolluted water supply and to specify the potential risks of PPCPs to the environment.


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